Manual Ref* NFnrNOR199 Show 5 images 806

Norwich Lanes

County Norfolk   District Council Norwich City Council 
Civil Parish or equivalent Norwich  Town/Village* Norwich 
Road The Lanes 
Precise Location Area to the north of City Hall, including part of Pottergate, Lobster, Goat and Swan Lanes 
OS Grid Ref TG230085  Postcode NR2 
Previous location(s)  
Setting Road or Wayside  Access Public 
Artist/Maker Role Qualifier
Oliver Creed  Designer(s)   

Commissioned by

Norwich City Council and the Heritage Economic Regeneration Trust (HEART) 

Design & Constrn period


Date of installing


Exact date of unveiling



Abstract Animal Architectural
Commercial Commemorative Composite
Free Functional Funerary
Heraldic Military Natural
Non-Commemorative Performance Portable
Religious Roadside, Wayside Sculptural
Temporary, Mobile Other  

Object Type

Building Clock Tower Architectural
Coat of Arms Cross Fountain
Landscape Marker Medallion
Mural Panel Readymade
Relief Shaft Sculpture
Statue Street Furniture War Memorial
Other Object Sub Type: A series of posts and mosaics

Subject Type

Allegorical Mythological Pictorial
Figurative Non-figurative Portrait
Still-life Symbolic Other

Subject Sub Type

Bust Equestrian Full-length
Group Head Reclining
Seated Standing Torso
Part Material Dimension
Bollard tops  Bronze  W. 50 D. 5 cms. 
Floor  Stone edged by brick and tile  W. approx 3.5 L. 7 metres 
Bollards  Polyurethane  H. 200 cms. 

Work is

Extant Not Sited Lost


Norwich City Council 

Listing status

Grade I Grade II* Grade II Don't Know Not Listed

Surface Condition

Corrosion, Deterioration Accretions
Bird Guano Abrasions, cracks, splits
Biological growth Spalling, crumbling
Metallic staining Previous treatments

Structural Condition

Armature exposed Broken or missing parts
Replaced parts Loose elements
Cracks, splits, breaks, holes Spalling, crumbling
Water collection Other


Graffiti Structural damage Surface Damage

Overall condition

Good Fair Poor


No Known Risk At Risk Immediate
Inscriptions On floor decoration outside St Gregory's: Robert Gybson; William Appleyard; George Skipper; Jenny Lind, Robert Segrym, Aelfric, Roger de Tuddenham, Louis Marchesi, Walter Nugent Monck, Robert Rackheythe, Francis Cocke, Peter the Wild Boy, John Crome, Thomas Churchman, Laurel & Hardy, Starling Day, Will Kemp, Francis Beaumont, Rumsey Wells, Thomas Fowell Buxton, Sarah Glover, Robert de Aswardby, Jem Mace, Elizabeth Fry, Ned Painter, Anthony de Solempne, George Borrow, Robert Debney A series of blue wall markers record, among others Sir John Mills, Thomas Buxton, the Wild Man, Herbert Wells, Jem Mace, John Asger, Elizabeth Fry,sir Thomas Buxton, Anthony de Solempne, Pellegrino Mazzotti, George Rossi, Revd Johannes Elison, The Strangers, Sarah Glover. The pavement markers are set outside key buildings: Norwich Masonic Hall, Norwich Fire Station, The Vine smallest pub in Norwich, Street of Dentists and Surgeons, Robert Hannent Butcher, Stag Inn 1345-1965, James May Boot and Shoe Manufacturer, Mineral Water Works, King’s Head PH 1760-1914; The Three Kings 1763-1968; Telephone House by Skipper 1906, Furniture and Cabinet Makers early 20th’ Former entrance to Bridewell prison; Black Eagle PH 1840-1907, Red Cow PH 1760-1908, William Hinds Rope Manufacturer, Oak Shades PH 1864-1959, Madder Plant. Golden Lion PH 1783-1965, St Lawrence & grid-iron, Nelson tavern 1851-1918, City Arms PH 1840-1899, Jarrold & sons publishers since 1823, Sun Stores PH 1839-1889, Old Lobster Inn 1764-1874, Builders Arms PH, 1839-1956, Hotel and Wine merchants, Farrier’s Arms PH 1830-1895, Post Office Tavern 1839-1971, Street of Solicitors, Ten Bells PH 1760, Queen of Hungary PH 1760-1982, George Birch Apothecary, Street of goldsmiths and stocking makers, The Bridewell Museum, The strangers were c15 weavers, The White Swan PH 1760-1859, St Giles with Hind, Maddermarket Theatre 1921, The Black Horse PH 1763-1970, Norfolk Chronicle c13-c19, Goat, Corn Exchange, 1801-1965, St Margaret and Dragon, Plough PH 1822 A further series of stone plaques set in green tiles commemorate now the sites of now lost trades 

Description (physical)

The bronze markers include the madder flower (various); twin heads outside St Gregory's; Wild Peter in Bridewell Alley; Green Man bottom Bridewell Alley; Lobster in Lobster Lane; Cathedral Boss with St Francis bottom of St John Maddermarket; Doves Dove Lane; Gargoyle upper St Giles. There are pavement markers with engraved stones surrounded by tiles set outside key buildings, the Masonic Hall in St Giles and Strangers hall for instance (NFnrNOR199f). 

Description (iconographical)

The colour of the markers was based on that of the madder (red) used for dyeing cloth - once one of the city's major industries. Norwich Lanes were marketed as a response to the opening of the Chapelfield Mall, the second major shopping mall in the City centre. The scheme draws on the Lanes' names in the posts and pavement markers while the mosaic floor in front of St Gregory's includes names of the famous (and now once famous) connected with the City. Oliver Creed was commissioned by Norwich City Council to create unique designs inspired by the history of the Lanes area to place on top of new distinctive “madder” red bollards. There are 21 in total, 11 are inspired by the madder plant - once used to produce the rich red colour for cloth - and the other 10 are all different. Mr Creed, who is based in Bowthorpe, said: “I tried to link them with the area so there is a swan head in Swan Lane and a gargoyle which is a more refined version of the one on St Gregory's Church. 


Date taken:  16/1/2008
Date logged: 

Photographed by:
Sarah Cocke

On Site Inspection

Date:  16/1/2008

Inspected by:
Sarah Cocke

Sources and References

Tara Greaves, Eastern Daily Press, 23 February 2008 There is a full set of photos by Leo Reynolds on lanes 


Date entered:  21/1/2008

Data inputter:
Richard Cocke